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UH-60 Black Hawk
The Sikorsky UH-60 Black Hawk is a  four-bladed, single-rotor, medium-lift,  utility helicopter. It can perform a wide  array of missions, including the tactical transport of troops, electronic warfare, and aeromedical evacuation.   The Black Hawk has enhanced the overall mobility of the Army because of its dramatic improvements in troop capacity and cargo lift capability compared to the UH-1 "Huey" it replaces. Now, an entire 11-man, fully equipped infantry squad can be lifted in one Black Hawk, and the troops can be transported faster and in most weather conditions.  The UH-60, first flown in October 1974, was developed as result of the Utility Tactical Transport Aircraft System (UTTAS) program. In August 1972, the US Army selected the Sikorsky (model S-70) YUH-60A and the Boeing Vertol (model 237) YUH-61A (1974) as competitors in the UTTAS program. Sikorsky won that competition in December 1976 to produce the UH-60A, subsequently named the Black Hawk.  The Black Hawk has a low detectability and outstanding nap-of-the-earth flight capabilities. The aircraft is tolerant to small arms fire and most high-explosive, medium-calibre (23mm) projectiles. The flight controls are ballistically hardened and the helicopter is equipped with redundant electric and hydraulic systems. The fuel system is crash-resistant and self-sealing. The crew seats and the landing gear are energy absorbing.  In April 2001, the US Army approved an upgrade programme for more than 1,500 Black Hawks to UH-60M standard. The first flight of the UH60M took place in September 2003. Variants  • YUH-60A: U.S Army evaluation version. 17 October 1974; three built. • UH-60A: Original U.S. Army version, crew of four, up to 11 equipped troops. • UH-60C: Modified version for Command and Control Missions. • CH-60E: Proposed troop transport for U.S. Marine Corps. • UH-60L: UH-60A with upgraded Engines, Gearbox, and Flight Control System. • UH-60V: Upgraded version of the UH-60L. • UH-60M: Improved Rotor Blades, Engines, Gearbox, and new Glass Cockpit. • UH-60M: Upgraded fly-by-wire system and cockpit suite. END
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Upper ConsoleCLICK
Main InstrumentsCLICK
CollectiveCLICK
Lower ConsoleCLICK
Cy c l i c
Co-Pilot's SeatCLICK
Pilot's SeatCLICK
Return
Upper Console contains engine controls, fire emergency controls, heater and windshield wiper controls, internal and external light controls, electrical systems and miscellaneous helicopter system controls.  The rear portion of the upper panel contains the DC essential bus circuit breaker panels. 
UH-60 Black Hawk - Upper Console
Engine Control QuadrantClick
Circuit BreakrsClick
Engine and dual flight instruments are on the one-piece instrument panel. The panel is tilted back 30°.
UH-60 Black Hawk - Main Instruments
Mouse Scroll
Vertical IndicatorCLICK
CLICK
Horizontal IndicatorCLICK
Auxiliary Fuel ManagementCLICK
Rotor Blade DeiceCLICK
Caution / AdvisoryPanel CLICK
Pilot's Display Unit CLICK
RADAR ALTIMETER BAROMETRIC ALTIMETER VERTICAL SPEED INDICATOR CLICK
Limitations CLICK
Master Warning CLICK
Airspreed CLICK
Stabilator Position CLICK
VSI / HSI Mode Selector CLICK
Clock CLICK
CSI Mode CLICK
Dimming Controls
Radar WarningCLICK
Intercommunication System (Click Green Background To  Close) Provides a means by which the pilots can select and control associated radio equipment for voice transmission and reception.  Receiver Selector Switch• 1: Connects FM 1 receiver to the headphone.• 2: Connects UHF receiver to the headphone. • 3: Connects VHF receiver to the headphone. • 4: Connects FM 2 receiver to the headphone. • 5: Connects HF receiver to the head- phone. AUX: Connects VOR/LOC audio to the headphone. NAV: Connects ADF/Marker Beacon au- dio to the headphone. VOL Control: Adjusts headphone volume level. Transmitter Selector Knob ◦ ICS: Enables intercom operation when keyed. ◦ 1: Enables FM 1 transmission when keyed. ◦ 2: Enables UHF transmission when keyed. ◦ 3: Enables VHF transmission when keyed. ◦ 4: Enables FM 2 transmission when keyed (provisions). ◦ 5: Enables HF transmission when keyed. Hot Mike Switch: Enables intercom transmission without manual key.
Remote Control Unit (RCU)(Click Green Background To  Close) Zeroize Switch: Clears all encoding in the system. Delay Switch: Up when signal is to be retransmitted. Plain−C / RAD Switch• Plain: Permits normal communications on the associated fm                            radio set.• C / RAD: Permits ciphered communications on the associated                                 radio set. Fill Switch Rotary Knob: Permits pilot to select 1 of 6 storage registers for filling. Mode Switch◦ OP: Normal operating◦ LD: For filling.◦ RV: Variable, filled from another external source. Power: On
Chaff Dispense(Click Green Background To  Close) Chaff Dispense: Ejects chaff cartridges from payload module. ARM-Safe: Applies electrical power through safety flag switch to                    Chaff Dispense button.
Radio Set(Click Green Background To  Close) Provides communications of voice and data, secure or plain text, and homing over the frequency range of 30 to 87.975 MHz channelized in 25 kHz steps. Preset• MAN: Used in single channel mode to select any operating                            frequency in 25 Khz increments.• 1-6: Preset frequencies are selected or loaded. • CUE: Used by a non-ECCM radio to signal ECCM radio. Function ◦ OFF: Power Off ◦ TEST: RT and ECCM modules are tested, ◦ SQ ON: RT on with squelch. ◦ SQ OFF: RT on with squelch disabled. ◦ RXMT: RT is receiving. ◦ LD: Keyboard loading of preset frequencies. ◦ LD-V: TRANSEC variable loading is enabled. ◦ Z-A: Used to clear the TRANSEC variable. ◦ STOW: Used during extended storage. Data Display Window Keyboard▪ 1-9 Keys: Key in frequency, load time information or offsets.▪ FREQ Key: Display current operating frequency during single                                      channel operation.▪ ERF/OFST Key: Modify single channel operating frequency,                                              manually selected or preset.▪ Time Key: Used to display or change the time setting. ▪ STO Key: Store or enter any frequency into RT. ▪ 0/Load Key: Enter zeros; initiate transfer of ECCM parameters. ▪ CLR Key: Zeroize the display. IFM RF PWR ▫ OFF: 10 watts (Bypass amplifier) ▫ LO: 2.5 watts ▫ NORM: 10 watts ▫ HI: 40 watts Mode ◆ HOM: Homing. ◆ SC: Two-way voice, normal. ◆ FC: Two-way voice, secure voice. ◆ FC-M: Two-way voice, frequency hopping. VOL Control: Adjust receiver volume to comfortable level.
Miscellaneous Switch (Click Green Background To  Close) Fuel IND Test Pushbutton: Check fuel quantity. Tail Wheel Pushbutton: Lock Tail Wheel in a trail position. GYRO ERECT Pushbutton: Supplies fast ERECT signal to pilot/copilot displacement gyros, reducing the time required for the gyros to reach full operating RPM. Tail Servo Switch: • Normal: First stage of this servo is powered by the No. 1                                hydraulic system. • Backup: Second stage is powered by the backup system. 
Parking Brake Lever(Click Green Background To  Close) Pull to Set.
Title(Click Green Background To  Close) Text
Stores Jettison(Click Green Background To  Close) Provides the capability of phase jettison of all external stores or symmetrical jettison of fuel tanks. EMER JETT ALL:  Applies 28 volts from essential dc bus to all stores stations when the helicopter weight is off the wheels. JETT: Applies 28 volts from primary dc bus through the rotary selector switch to the selected stores station if the weight is off the wheels and the selector switch is not OFF. Rotary Selector Switch OFF: Prevents jettison signal from going to any stores station. ALL: Directs primary jettison signal to all stores stations. Outboard stores           will jettison and 1 second later inboard stores will jettison.• INBD     ◦ L: Directs jettison signal to inboard left station.     ◦ R: Directs jettison signal to inboard right station.     ◦ Both: Directs jettison signal to inboard left and right stores                             stations.• OUTBD      ◦ L: Directs jettison signal to outboard left station.     ◦ R: Directs jettison signal to outboard right station.     ◦ Both: Directs jettison signal to outboard left and right stores                            stations.
VHF Control(Click Green Background To  Close) Volume Control Squelch Disable / Tone Select: Three-position switch. Center position enables squelch, SQ DIS position disables squelch, momentary TONE position transmits tone of approximately 1000 Hz. Frequency Control Select Knob◆ FM, EMER, AM: Selects a prestored guard channel◆ MAN: Enables manual frequency selection◆ PRE: Enables preset channel selection Window & Knobs▪ 10.0 Mhz Indicator - 10.0 MHz Selector Knob▪ 1.0 Mhz Indicator - 1.0 MHz Selector Knob▪ 0.1 Mhz Indicator - 0.1 MHz Selector Knob▪ 0.025 Mhz Indicator - 0.025 MHz Selector Knob Load Pushbutton: Allows manually selected frequency to go into selected preset channel memory. Preset Ch. Indicator: Shows preset channel SelectedPreset Ch. Selector Thumbwheel: Selects preset channel from 1 to 20. Mode Selector Switch• DF: Enables FM homing• TR: Enables transmit/receive modes• OFF: Disables receiver/ transmitter
Stabilator Control(Click Green Background To  Close) MAN Slew: Manually set Slew.Test: Test Stabilator System.Auto Control Reset Window: ON will go off, if a malfunction occurs in the automatic mode. AUTO FLIGHT CONTROL: Controls for operating the pilot-assist servos and actuators.SAS 1: The pitch boost servo is turned On.SAS 2: The pitch boost servo is turned On.Trim: The pitch, roll and yaw trim systems are activated to maintain position of the cyclic and tail rotor controls.FPS: The TRIM switch changes the pitch and roll attitude reference instead of the cyclic stick position reference.Boost: Turns collective and yaw boost servos are On and Off.Failure Advisory: Tells the pilot'(s) the type of sensor or actuator which has experienced the failure.
Radio Receiving Set(Click Green Background To  Close) Very high- frequency receiver that operates from 108.00 to 117.95 MHz.  NAV VOL- OFF: Turns VOR/ILS receiver on and off, adjusts volume. MB VOL- OFF: Turns marker beacon receiver on and off; adjusts volume. VOR/MB Test Switch: Activates VOR test circuit and MB receiver lamp self-test circuits. Megahertz Tune Control: Tunes VOR/ILS receiver in MHz as indicated on frequency indicator. Hundredths Megahertz Tune Control: Tunes VOR/ILS receiver in hundredths MHz as indicated on frequency indicator. MB SENS HI- LO Switch: For controlling MB sensitivity. • HI: Decreases receiver sensitivity • LO: Increases receiver sensitivity
Chaff & Flare(Click Green Background To  Close)  DISP CONT Ripple Fire: Release (jettison) all flares from payload module without pressing FLARE switch for each flare. Flare Switch: Fires one flare from payload module each time switch is pressed. ARM Indicator Light: Indicates that arming switch is at ARM. Arm-Safe Switches• ARM: Applies electrical power through safety flag switch to                            CHAFF DIS- PENSE button, and flare firing switch.• SAFE: Removes power from dispenser system. Chaff Switch: Fires one chaff from payload module each time switch is pressed. Mode Selector• MAN: Dispenses one chaff cartridge each time dispense button                            is pressed.• PGRM: Dispenses chaff according to predetermined burst/salvo                              and number of salvos automatically.
Transponder(Click Green Background To  Close) Test Go Indicator: Indicates successful BIT.Test / Mon No Go Indicator: Indicates unit malfunction.Antenna Selector Switch: Allows the pilot to select the TOP (upper antenna), BOT (bottom antenna), or DIV (both                                              antennas) of the aircraft.Master Control Knob• OFF:  • STBY: • NORM:  Must be in NORM, then lifted and turned to EMER.• EMER: Indicates aircraft is in distress emergency condition.Test • M-1Switch:  Permit selection of a de- sired code from 00 through 73.• M-2 Switch: Permit selection of a desired code from 0000 through 7777. • M-3A Switch: Permit selection of a desired code from 0000 through 7777.• M-C Switch: Available only if both mode 3/A and mode C are placed in the ON position. Rad TestSwitch: Allows receiver transmitter to reply to external test interrogations. Status Indicator• Altitude Digitizer: Indicates that BIT or MON failure is due to altitude digitizer.• External Computer: Indicates that BIT or MON failure is due to external computer.• Antennas: Indicates that BIT or MON failure is due to cables or antenna.Mode 4 Code Selector: ◦ Zero: Zeroize code setting in computer.◦ B: Selects mode 4 code setting for previous, present, or next period, de- pending on which crypto period                      applies.◦ A: Selects mode 4 code setting for previous, present, or next period, de- pending on which crypto period                      applies.◦ Hold: Retains mode 4 code setting when power is removed from transponder.Mode 4• ON: Allows system to reply to mode 4 interrogations.• OUT: Prevents reply to mode 4 interrogations. • TEST: Provides self test for mode 4. Audio Switch ◦ Audio: Enables aural and REPLY light monitoring of valid mode 4 interrogations and replies. ◦ Light: Enables only REPLY light monitoring of valid mode 4 interrogations and replies. ◦ Out: Disables aural, REPLY light, and caution light monitoring of valid mode 4 interrogations and replies. Reply Indicator: Indicates that a mode 4 reply is transmitted. Identification  • IDENT: Pulse trains will be transmitted for approximately 30 seconds. • OUT: Spring loaded to the OUT position. • MIC: Not Connected Mode 1 Code Selector: Selects mode 1 reply code to be transmitted. Mode 2 Code Selector: Selects four digit mode 2 reply code to be transmitted. Mode 3A Code Selector: Selects four digit mode 3/A reply code to be transmitted. Mode 4 Audio Selector: 
Doppler/GPS Navigation Set(Click Green Background To  Close) Provides accurate aircraft velocity, position and steering in- formation from ground level to 10,000 feet. BRT and DIM Keys: Used to brighten or dim the light intensity of the LCD display. Display Window: Displays alphanumeric characters, as determined by the setting of the Display Selector, the Mode Selector and operation keyboard.  MAL Indicator Lamp: Lights when a malfunction is detected by the built-in-test circuitry.  MODE Selector: Is locked in the OFF position and must be pulled out to access the other Modes. • LAMP TEST: Checks operation of all lamps.• TEST: Initiates built-in-self test exercise for the Doppler and GPS functions of the navigation set.• MGRS: Selects MGRS navigational mode of operation.• LAT/LONG: Selects latitude/longitude navigational mode of operation.• GPS LDG: Places navigation set in GPS landing mode of operation. DISPLAY Selector: Selects navigation data for display. ◦ WIND-UTC DATA: Used for wind speed and direction, UTC time, sea current, surface wind, GPS                  status and data load functions. ◦ XTK/TKE KEY: Displays steering information and GPS variable key status. ◦ GS/TK NAV M: Displays ground speed, track angle and selection of GPS and navigation mode. ◦ PP: Displays present position, altitude and magnetic variation. ◦ DIST BRG TIME: Displays distance, bearing and time information to the destination or course                  selected. ◦ WP TGT: Accesses waypoint or target data. ◦ DATUM ROUTE: Accesses datum and steering/route functions. Keyboard ▪ KYBD Key: Used in conjunction with the key- board to allow data display and en- try into the                  computer. ▪ LTR Keys: Used to set up data for entry into memory. ▪ F1 Key: Reserved for future growth. ▪ TGT STR Key: Stores present position data in the indicated target store/memory location (90-99)                  when pressed. ▪ INC and DEC Keys: Used to increment or decrement the displayed waypoint/target number when the                  DISPLAY selector is set to WP/TGT. ▪ CLR Key: Clears last entered character when pressed once. When pressed twice, clears entire input                  field. ▪ ENT key: Enters data into memory.
Compass Control(Click Green Background To  Close) Required to synchronize (electrically and mechanically align) the Gyro Magnetic Compass to the correct magnetic heading when used in the SLAVED mode. Null Meter: Moves left (+) or right (v) of center to indicate misalignment (synchronization) of the Gyro Magnetic Compass. Mode Selector: Selects either magnetically SLAVED or FREE gyro operation of the Gyro Magnetic Compass. Null Control PUSH-TO-SET: Is manually pressed and turned to null the annunciator, thereby synchronizing the Gyro Magnetic Compass.
Radio Set(Click Green Background To  Close) Provides communications of voice and data, secure or plain text, and homing over the frequency range of 30 to 87.975 MHz channelized in 25 kHz steps. Preset• MAN: Used in single channel mode to select any operating                            frequency in 25 Khz increments.• 1-6: Preset frequencies are selected or loaded. • CUE: Used by a non-ECCM radio to signal ECCM radio. Function ◦ OFF: Power Off ◦ TEST: RT and ECCM modules are tested, ◦ SQ ON: RT on with squelch. ◦ SQ OFF: RT on with squelch disabled. ◦ RXMT: RT is receiving. ◦ LD: Keyboard loading of preset frequencies. ◦ LD-V: TRANSEC variable loading is enabled. ◦ Z-A: Used to clear the TRANSEC variable. ◦ STOW: Used during extended storage. Data Display Window Keyboard▪ 1-9 Keys: Key in frequency, load time information or offsets.▪ FREQ Key: Display current operating frequency during single                                      channel operation.▪ ERF/OFST Key: Modify single channel operating frequency,                                              manually selected or preset.▪ Time Key: Used to display or change the time setting. ▪ STO Key: Store or enter any frequency into RT. ▪ 0/Load Key: Enter zeros; initiate transfer of ECCM parameters. ▪ CLR Key: Zeroize the display. IFM RF PWR ▫ OFF: 10 watts (Bypass amplifier) ▫ LO: 2.5 watts ▫ NORM: 10 watts ▫ HI: 40 watts Mode ◆ HOM: Homing. ◆ SC: Two-way voice, normal. ◆ FC: Two-way voice, secure voice. ◆ FC-M: Two-way voice, frequency hopping. VOL Control: Adjust receiver volume to comfortable level.
Radar Signal Detector(Click Green Background To  Close) PWR: Supplies 28 VDC to the Radar Detecting Set. SELF/Test: Permits flight line test- ing of Radar Detecting Set when held in the upward position.  DSCRM: Shows alphanumeric symbology for signals programmed in the processor emitter identification table. Audio: Controls volume to the interphone system.
Direction Finder Set(Click Green Background To  Close) Provides an automatic or manual compass bearing on any radio signal within the frequency range of 100 to 3,000 kHz.  100 kHz Coarse-Tune Control Knob: Tunes receiver in 100-kHz steps as indicated by first two digits of KILOCYCLES indicator. 10 kHz Fine-Tune Control Knob: Tunes receiver in 10 kHz steps as indicated by last two digits of KILOCYCLES indicator. CW, Voice, Test Switch ▪ CW (COMP mode): Enables tone oscillator to provide audible                   tone for tuning to CW station, when Mode Selector is at COMP.▪ CW (ANT or LOOP mode): Enables beat frequency oscillator to                 permit tuning to CW station, when Mode Selector is at ANT or                 LOOP.▪ VOICE: Permits low frequency receiver to operate as a receiver                 with Mode Selector in any position. Audio: Adjust Volume Mode Selector Switch• OFF: Turns power off.• COMP: Provides operation as an ADF.• ANT: Provides for operation as an AM receiver using sense                 antenna.• LOOP: Provides for receiver operation as a manual direction                 finder using loop only. LOOP L-R: Provides manual left and right control of loop when operating                    Mode Selector in LOOP position. Spring loaded to center.
UH-60 Black Hawk - Lower Console
The Lower Console is arranged with communication panels, navigational panels and flight attitude / stability controls. The rear part of the console houses the battery bus and battery utility bus circuit breaker panels, and parking brake handle.
Control Display Unit(Click Green Background To  Close) CURSOR Keys: Position the cursor in the direction of the arrow on the key.VALUE Keys: Increases or decreases a field value.Display Screen: Used to display system information, and enter data or                             commands.Display Line Select Keys: Function depends on adjacent display. Function Switch• OFF: Turns the radio off.• STBY: Turns the radio on, performs bit and enables fill                             operations.• SILENT: Prevents the radio from automatically responding to                                incoming calls in ALE or ECCM mode. • T/R: Prevents the radio from automatically responding to                         incoming calls in ALE or ECCM mode. • ZERO: Erases all loaded data, to include data fill and key fill                             information. Mode SwitchMAN: Operating frequency and emission mode is selected manually.PRE: Selects a preprogrammed frequency and emission mode.ALE: Selects Automatic link establishment (ALE) mode.ECCM: Selects electronic counter countermeasure (ECCM) mode.EMER: Selects emergency mode. Net Selector Knob 1-6 +: Selects programmed operating net. The + position allows additional nets to be selected using the VALUE keys. Brightness Keys: Display screen brightness.VOL Knob: Changes receive audio output level.SQL+ Keys: Selects level of squelch from TONE through 5. Key 6 Pin Connector: Used to load ALE and ECCM presets.Data 6 Pin Connector: Fills radio with preprogrammed data, required for all                                       modes except MAN.
Fuel Boost Pump ControlThe two-position switch for each pump, marked ON-OFF, activates the pump for continuous operation to maintain a head of fuel pressure at the engine fuel inlet port, regardless of engine boost pump discharge pressure. An advisory light near each control switch indicates pump pressure and operation.
RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER-RADIO(Click Green Background To  Close) Frequency Cover Label:  CHAN Indicator: Displays selected channel when MNL-PRESET-GRD selector is set to PRESET, or displays selected memory location when radio is in the MWOD load mode or FMT change mode. Channel Selector: Selects one of 20 preset channels. Test Display: Lights all segments of the frequency/status and CHAN                        indicator. Frequency/Status Window: Displays the individual frequency selector                                                 settings. Status Button: Initiates an alternate display on the frequency/status and                          CHAN indicator for five seconds. Frequency Selector 1 (A, 3, 2): Selects 100s digit of frequency in MHz in the                                                     single frequency mode.A: Selects AJ mode (Figure 3-8).3: Manual selection of frequencies in the 300 MHz range (3XX. XX).2: Manual selection of frequencies in the 200 MHz range (2XX. XX).Frequency Selector 2: Selects 10s digit of frequency (0 through 9) in MHz.Frequency Selector 3: Selects units digit of frequency (0 through 9) in MHz. Frequency Selector 4: Selects tenths digit of frequency (0 through 9) MHz.Frequency Selector 5: Selects hundredths and thousandths digits of                                       frequency (.00, .25, .50, or .75) in MHz. Mode Selector Knob • OFF: Turns power off.• MAIN: Enables main receiver and transmitter.• BOTH: Enables main receiver, transmitter, and guard receiver.• ADF: Not used. T TONE Switch: Three position toggle switch, spring loaded to Center.T: Enables reception of TOD message for one minute.Center Position is offTONE: Transmits a 1,020 Hz DF tone on the selected frequency and  stops when switch is released. VOL Control: Adjusts volume SQUELCH Switch: Disables and enables squelch of main receiver. MNL-PRESET-GRD Knob: MNL: Allows manual selection of frequency using the five frequency selectors.PRESET: Allows selection of frequency from preset channels (1-20) using the channel selector.GRD: Tunes Radio main receiver and transmitter to guard frequency (243.000 MHz).
Stores JettisonCLICK
Direction Finder SetCLICK
Intercommunication SystemCLICK
Radio Receiving CLICK
Intercommunication System CLICK
Compass Control CLICK
Doppler/GPS Navigation SetCLICK
Stabilator ControlCLICK
Remote Control Unit CLICK
RECEIVER-TRANSMITTER-RADIO CLICK
Remote Control UnitCLICK
Radio SetCLICK
VHF Control CLICK
Radio Set CLICK
Chaff & Flare CLICK
Miscellaneous Switch CLICK
Transponder & Radar CLICK
Radar Signal Detector CLICK
Fuel Boost Pump ControlCLICK
Control Display UnitCLICK
Chaff Release CLICK
CL I C K
Battery Bus