Exterior / Interior Lighting PanelControls the intensity of both internal and external lighting of the aircraft.
Keyboard Unit (KU)Is a multipurpose control through which the crew can enter alphanumeric and special character data. The KU becomes active in response to Multipurponse Display (MPD) selection of a data entry button or if user input is required.
Cyclic Control GripHouse the primary longitudinal and lateral controls and the following switches. Weapon Action Switch: Is a five-position spring-loaded switch. Placing the switch momentarily to a desired position selects (actions) a weapon for firing. • G (Gun) Action slaves the gun to the selected sight• M (Missile) Actions the Hellfire missile system• A (Air-To-Air)• R (Rocket). Actions the Rocket Management Subsystem Symbology Select Switch: The SYM SEL switch selects 1 of 4 modes of IHADSS flight symbology. Force Trim/Hold Mode Switch:• Center:  Force Trim/Hold mode, if selected, are active• Up (R): Interrupts Force Trim and Attitude hold mode if hold modes are selected• Down (D): Disengages any selected hold modes.• Left (AT): Engages/Disengages the position, velocity, or attitude hold mode• Right (AL): Engages/Disengages the radar or barometric altitude hold mode Chaff:If the CHAFF is armed, chaff can be dispensed by depressing the CHAFF (C) button. Weapons Trigger Switch:Fires Selected Weapons Radio Transmit Select:Provide the crew with the RADIO or Intercommunication System (ICS) Push-To-Talk (PTT) rocker.
ICS/RADIO FOOT CONTROLSThe Intercommunication System (ICS) Push-To-Talk (PTT) foot control is located on the right side. The Radio PTT foot control is located on the left side.
Master Warning / Caution Lighted PushbuttonsLighted buttons that alert crewmembers to observe a Warning / Caution message displayed on the UpFront Display and announced by the voice message system.
TAIL WHEEL LOCK/ NVS MODE Locks or Unlocks the tail wheel. The NVS MODE switch selects the operational mode of the selected NVS. The OFF position commands the selected NVS to the stow position.  The NORM (center) position commands the selected NVS to slew to the crewmembers IHADSS Line Of Sight (LOS).  The FIXED position com- mands the selected NVS to the fixed forward position.
Master Zeroize SwitchRed guarded button with a safety wire. Will erases all Data Transfer Cartridge (DTC) and FCR data including Fire Control Radar (FCR) programming from non-volatile memory (NVM). This switch is a "Last Ditch" procedure that should be used only when the compromise of classified information to hostile forces is imminent.
Communications (COMM) Panel Master Control: Provides control of All Audio Level signals. Volume Control: Provides Independent Volume Level Control.Squelch (SQL) Switches: Provide Squelch select/deselect capability. Sensitivity (SENS) Control: Provides control of Audio Threshold Level. Provides audio level control at respective crewstations for the following: Intercommunication System (ICS),Push-To-Talk (PTT),Voice Transmit (VOX),Hot Mic,IDENT Switch,Identification Friend or Foe (IFF),Radar/Laser Warning Receiver (RLWE),Videocassette Recorder (VCR)Automatic Direction Finder (ADF).
Fire Detection And Extinguishing ControlsFIRE warning lights for both Engines / APU and RDY lights for the Primary aand Reserve Discharge. There is also a spring loaded three position toggle Test Switch used to test fire detection circuits 1 and 2.
ATTITUDE INDICATORDisplays helicopter Attitude.The indicator can display 360° of roll and 85° of pitch.
Collective Stick FCR Scan Size: selects one field of view (scan width) for the selected FCR targeting mode. FCR Mode: Selects 1 of 4 operational modes of the FCR.• Ground Targeting Mode (GTM)• Radar Map Mode (RMAP)• Air Targeting Mode (ATM)• Terrain Profiles Mode (TPM) Cursor Controller/Enter: Select options on the MPD. Sight Select: Used to select one of three sights or to link the TADS and FCR.• Helmet Mounted Display (HMD)• Target Acquisition Designation Sight (TADS)• Fire Control Radar (FCR)• Link Cursor Display Select: Move Cursor to the center of the other MPD. FCR Scan: Activates and Deactivates the FCR transmitter. CUED Search: Used to rapidly orient the FCR antenna toward an RFI detected emitter and conduct an FCR scan to correlate the location of that emitter in the GTM, ATM, and RMAP targeting modes. Jettison Switch: Will cause all external stores to be jettisoned from the air-craft at the same time. Search/landing Light: Provides omnidirectional search/landing light in low visibility conditions.On/Off/Stow Switch: Supplies 28 vdc to the searchlight. STOW inhibits the Searchlight motion for 60 seconds. Search/landing Light Position Switch: Used to manually control searchlight motion. Boresight/Polarity: Used to store the IHADSS boresight alignment and change FLIR image polarity. TADS/PNVS Select: Select either TADS-Target Acquisition Designation Sight or PNVS-Pilot Night Vision Sensor. Stabilator Control Switch: Reset the Stabilator to the AUTO mode. CHOP Button: The speed of both engines is reduced to idle; and a warning message will appear on the UFD/EUFD. The engine chop circuit is reset by pressing the CHOP button a second time. Is protected by a red spring loaded guard. Tail Wheel Lock/Unlock
CANOPY JETTISON SYSTEMThe system is installed to provide a rapid Emergency Exit for the crewmembers.  Canopy jettison is accomplished by turning the handle 90°, releasing, and pushing in
AH-64D Apache Pilot's Seat
Up Front DisplayThe UFD provides uninterrupted presentation of critical information under battery power and normal electrical power conditions. The first 5 lines of the active display is divided by vertical lines (columnar, left to right) into Warning, Caution, and Advisory areas.
Airspeed IndicatorPresents indicated airspeed (0 - 250 kts) from the right pitot probe.
VIDEO CONTROL PANELAllows the crewmember to adjust the brightness and contrast intensity of the Helmet Mounted Display (HMD), symbology brightness, and the gain and level of the Forward Looking Infrared (FLIR) video.
AltimeterIs graduated in 50 ft increments marked at 100 ft intervals (0 - 9 x 100).  Just left of center is a 1000 ft drum and a 10,000 ft drum to supplement the scale pointer.  The scale window in the lower right of the instru- ment face, indicates barometric pressure setting in inches of mercury..
* More Flight Decks *Flight Deck Simulations777767747A340A320Citation XF-16Fokker D-VIIP-61C Black WidowT-6A Texan IIAH-64D ApacheV-22 Osprey---------------Airport CodesCockpit GalleryAvaition QuotesAvaition AcronymsAvaition Cutaways
Boresight Reticle UnitAligns TADS sensors to a coincident Line of Sight (LOS). Bore- sight includes an internal and outfront boresight.
ARMAMENT PANELContains the Arm/Safe Button used to control the application of power to Weapon Firing Circuits, and… the Ground Override Button which is used to override Squat switch inhibits when on the ground.
Check Overspeed Test / Generator Reset PanelThe Overspeed Test switches are used during maintenance operational checks.  In the event of an annunciation, the pilot may reset either generator with the GEN RST switch.
Parking Brake HandlePulling this handle Sets the Parking Brakes.
Windshield Wipers Control PanelThe Windshield Wiper System has a Off position, two speeds, Hi and Lo and a Park position.
Flightplan Display Unit (FDU)Displays the flight-planner route mode of the Texan II GPS system.
Emergency PanelAllows selection of the transponder (XPNDR) Emergency mode, tuning the UHF radio to the GUARD frequency, and zeroizing classified data.
The AH-64 Apache is a four-blade, twin-engine attack helicopter with a tail wheel-type landing gear arrangement. The Apache is armed with Hellfire air-to-surface missiles which has a maximum range from 8 to 12 km. It can be also armed with air-to-air missiles (Stinger, AIM-9 Sidewinder, Mistral and Sidearm) and the advanced precision kill weapon system (APKWS), formerly known as Hydra, family of guided and unguided 70mm rockets. The crew sits in tandem, with the pilot sitting behind and above the copilot/gunner. Both crew members are capable of flying the aircraft and performing methods of weapon engagements independently. The crew compartment has shielding between the cockpits, such that at least one crew member can survive hits.  The Apache is fitted with a helmet mounted display, the Integrated Helmet and Display Sighting System (IHADSS); among other abilities the pilot or gunner can slave the helicopter's 30 mm automatic M230 Chain Gun to his helmet, making the gun track head movements to point at where he looks. It provides a rate of fire of 625 rounds a minute.
Free Air Temperature Gage (FAT)Temperature of the atmosphere, obtained by avoiding as completely as practical, the effects of extraneous heating.
Power Lever QuadrantManages Engine Power. Power Lever: Four detent positions: OFF, IDLE, FLY, and LOCKOUT. RTR BRK: • BRK: Utility system pressure is applied to stop the rotor brake disc on the main transmission.• LOCK: The brake OFF solenoid valve traps pressure between the manifold and the utility system accumulator. MSTR IGN: Three positions, Off, Batt and EXT PWR. APU: Applies dc power to energize the APU boost pump, open the APU fuel shutoff valve, and sends a signal to the APU ECU to commence the start sequence.  ENG Start: When placed to START, pneumatic motoring of the engine starter takes place and the ignition system is energized. FRICT: Levers Friction can only be INC or DECR on the Pilot's Power Quadrant.
Stores Jettison PanelPressing one or more of the alternate action pushbuttons will illuminate the selected pushbutton(s) to indicate that the stores jettison function at selected stations is ARMed. Pressing an illuminated action pushbutton a second time will disARM that station. Pressing the recessed JETT pushbutton will cause stores to be jettisoned from all ARMed stations.
Standby Magnetic CompassA correction card is mounted under the compass.
Pedal Adjust LeverProvides Lock/Unlock adjustment for Rudder Pedals.
Multipurpose Display (MPD)Provides the capability for controlling most of the avionics systems, and serves as the primary targeting display for the Fire Control Radar FCR.  The MPD allows a crewmember to customize the way he monitors aircraft and weapon systems during a mission. There are two MPDs in each crew station and they are supported by the AC power bus.
Processor Select PanelProvides a manual System Processor (SP) selection option. This is only in the CPG Cockpit
Rear View MirrorOh my, he's on my six.
Communications (COMM) Panel Master Control: Provides control of All Audio Level signals. Volume Control: Provides Independent Volume Level Control.Squelch (SQL) Switches: Provide Squelch se-lect/deselect capability. Sensitivity (SENS) Control: Provides control of Audio Threshold Level. Provides audio level control at respective crewstations for the following: Intercommunication System (ICS),Push-To-Talk (PTT),Voice Transmit (VOX),Hot Mic,IDENT Switch,Identification Friend or Foe (IFF),Radar/Laser Warning Receiver (RLWE),Videocassette Recorder (VCR)Automatic Direction Finder (ADF).
Power Lever QuadrantThe Power Quadrant in each cockpits are different in only two areas. The Friction (FRICT) can be set on only the Pilot's Quadrant. The Pilot's detent override controls are mechanical while the CPG’s are electrically operated. Click on the Pilot's Quadrant for greater Details.
Cyclic Control SticksThe Pilot's and Co-Pilot Gunner's (CPG) Cyclic Sticks are identical in all functions except one. The CPG's Cyclic Stick incorporates a fold down mechanism to minimize interference when the CPG is not flying the aircraft. The CPG Cyclic Stick is fully effective in either the up or down position. Click on the Pilot's Cyclic Stick for greater details.
Both crew members are fully competent pilots and each crew station has the ability to fully control the aircraft.  Typically the back seat pilot is actually flying the aircraft while the front seat is assisting and when necessary implementing the weapons system. The actual designations are "Pilot in Command" and "Pilot". Pilot in Command is responsible for the overall safety of the flight and success of the mission and even if both crew members are qualified to be a PC, only one is operating in that capacity at a time.  The U.S. typically starts new pilots in the front seat, where you learn how to operate the aircraft and develop your ability to catch any potential problems. You don't really "fly" much from the front, you can, but that's not your main focus up here. Once you've proven your ability to command the aircraft in all situations, good and bad, you'll become a Pilot in Command. You'll then be able to fly in the back seat with a PI in the front. That doesn't mean you will never sit in the front again. Plenty of times crews go out with the more experienced guy in the front, it all depends on crew available and the current mission. You can request to sit up front if the crew mix with the other pilot allows it but that's usually not the case. 
Interior Lighting PanelControls the intensity of  internal lighting of the aircraft.
AH-64D Apache Co-Pilot Gunner's Seat
Collective StickThe Collective grips are identical in each cockpit.  Click on the Pilot's Collective for greater Details.
TADS Electronic Display and Control (TEDAC)
Monitor (Clockwise from Top Left)Video Select Buttons:• TAD - Selects TADS as the video source. • FCR - Selects the FCR targeting format to be displayed. • PNV - Selects PNVS as the video source. • G/S - Activates the grayscale for the video display. Day/Night/Off Mode: Selects the TEDAC Day, Night and Off modes. Symbol Brightness: Adjusts the Symbology Brightness. Display Brightness: Adjusts image Brightness. Display Contrast: Adjusts grayscale and/or image Contrast. Asterisk (*) Button: Adjusts the Brightness and Contrast to nominal settings. Sensor Filter: Used to select between the two spectral filters in the TADS FLIR sensor. Display Freeze: Used to Freeze the video imaging on the TDU. Automatic Contrast Mode (ACM): Used to activate the ACM. AZ/EL Boresight Enable: Used to enable Boresight controls. Azimuth Adjust: Used for various boresight adjustments. Elevation Adjust: Used for various boresight adjustments. Range Focus: Adjusts video focus in DTV or FLIR video. FLIR Gain: Ajusts FLIR gain for TADS or PNVS FLIR imagery as selected by NVS select switch. FLIR Level: Adjusts FLIR level for TADS or PNVS FLIR imagery selected by NVS select switch. Left HandgripIAT/Offset Switch: Engages or disengages the image autotracker and offset tracking: • IAT: Position engages the tracker to establish a primary target track. • OFS: Returns the TADS LOS to the primary track when offset tracking. TADS Field of View (FOV) Switch: Selects a field of view for the selected sensor. Wide (W), Medium (M), Narrow (N) , or Zoom (Z) TADS Sensor Switch: Selects the desired TADS sensor for sighting or acquisition of targets. FLIR, TV, or DVO(ORT only) FCR Mode Switch: Selects 1 of 4 operational modes of the FCR: • Ground Targeting Mode (GTM) • Radar Map Mode (RMAP) • Air Targeting Mode (ATM) • Terrain Profiles Mode (TPM) Cursor Controller/Enter:  Weapon Action Switch (WAS): 5-position spring-loaded switch used to select a weapon for firing: • GUN(Gun) • MSL (Missile) • RKT(Rocket) • ATA (Air to Air) (Inactive) Cursor Display Select: Moves cursor to the center of the other MPD. FCR Scan Switch: Activates and deactivates the FCR transmitter. C-SCAN or S-SCAN. Cued Search Switch: Used to rapidly orient the FCR antenna toward a RFI detected emitter and conduct an FCR scan. Linear Motion Compensation Switch: Used to compensates for helicopter movement as well as target movement. Right HandgripLaser Tracker Mode: Used to select the mode of the laser spot tracker. FCR Scan Size Switch: Selects one field of view (scan width) for the selected FCR targeting mode. C-Scope: Used to activate the C-scope display of FCR target information on flight and weapons symbology formats. FLIR Polarity Switch: Used to change FLIR Polarity. Sight Slave Switch: Used to slave the selected sight and/or provide cueing to the selected acquisition LOS. Sight Manual Tracker: Used to control the TADS turret or FCR antenna (centerline) to move during manual tracking. Sensor Select Switch: Used to select one of three sights or link the TADS and FCR: HMD, TADS, FCR, or LINK Display Zoom Switch: Used to view FCR targeting info at approximately a 6:1 zoom display.  Spare (MTADS) Track Promote: Used to select sequentially through multiple target tracks. Cursor Enter:  HDD Switch: Used to select the HDD display for viewing: (Head Down Display (HDD) or Head Out Display (HOD) END
Pilot's Helmet & Targeting System You know, there are so many acronyms and abbreviations for this targeting system, I'm no longer sure what is what. FLIR, FCR, TADS, WSPS, PNVS, ORT, IHU and it just goes on and on. Is this the Target Acquisition Designation Sight/Pilot Night Vision Sensor (TADS/PNVS) or is it the Integrated Helmet And Display Sight System (IHADSS), or is it both or neither. I have been looking at this information for a couple weeks now, and I'm beginning to get a headache. So, what you see below, is what I have managed to come up with, so far. Jerome Meriweather